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SOCIAL

LAW AND LEGISLATION

The Government of Myanmar ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) on December 7th, 2011, which means Myanmar officially agreed to implement measures that better guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities. In addition to ratifying the UNCRPD, the government has taken several steps towards addressing the needs of people with disabilities:

 

  • Article 32 of the 2008 current Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar states that the Union shall care for mothers and children, orphans, fallen Defence Services personnel’s children, the aged and the disabled.

  • The Department of Social Welfare (DSW) aims to promote the contribution of persons with disabilities to fully participate in the developmental tasks of the nation as a supportive force. It aims to:

    • protect the rights of persons with disabilities;

    • alleviate the discrimination based on the ground of disability;

    • promote dignity, ability and capability of Persons with Disabilities;

    • enhance equal and full participation of Persons with Disabilities in the national development tasks; 

    • upgrade the socio-economic status of Persons with Disabilities.

  • The municipal law has made it a requirement that new buildings and parks must be accessible for persons with disabilities.

  • Some measures were taken by the government in collaboration with NGOs to help ensure polling stations were accessible to better ensure that persons with disabilities could vote in the 2015 elections.

The Myanmar Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was enacted on June 5, 2015 and was written with input from Disabled Persons Organisations (DPOs), disability-specific NGOs and consultants in the field of disability inclusion.​

The Leprosy Mission Myanmar TLMM) has a good working relationship with the the Department of Social Welfare and the Myanmar Federation of People with Disabilities (MFPD). TLMM has partnered with those groups to influence items such as the 2014 Population and Housing Census and the 2015 Rights of Persons with Disabilities Law. Despite the positive steps, there are several key constraints that relate to the legal and political framework of the country, as well as other serious barriers that should be fully acknowledged and need to be directly addressed if the rights of persons  with disabilities are to be realised in Myanmar. 

 

The next step in regards to legislation and legal frameworks supporting the rights of people with disabilities  is in the implementation of those laws.