According to the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census, about 2.3 million people in Myanmar (4.6%) live with a disability, with a higher percentage of women being identified as disabled compared to men. 1 in 8 households (or 15.8%) in Myanmar is affected by disability, and households affected by disability are nearly twice as likely to be classified as ‘economically vulnerable’ than households not affected by disability. As mentioned in the global statistics above, women with disabilities are particularly marginalised. A household headed by a woman with a disability is seven times more likely to be classified as ‘extremely vulnerable’ to the impact of natural disasters and economic shocks as ordinary female-headed households.
There are at least four types of barriers that most people with disabilities struggle with daily:
1. Poverty (all four barriers)
2. Belief systems and stigma (attitudinal barriers)
3. Physical inaccessibility and limitations (physical and communication barriers)
4. Unfavourable policies or no access to government services (institutional barriers)
In the table below you can find specific examples of the types of barriers that people with a disability face in the livelihood-area of farming, (farmers-)markets and micro-finance.