There are about 1 billion people with disabilities in the world today, of which 80% lives in Asia and the Pacific. Wherever they live, people with disabilities generally have a low social status and are discriminated against when they try to find paid employment. In addition, women with disabilities or people affected by leprosy are particularly marginalised. The World Health Survey results for 51 countries highlighted that employment rates for men with disability and women with disability were 52.8% and 16.9% respectively, highlighting the discrimination faced by people with disabilities, particularly women. About 50% of all disability cases are preventable and directly linked to poverty. Malnutrition, infectious diseases, non-infectious diseases, and congenital conditions, all relating to poverty, make up about 71% of all cases of disability worldwide. Accidents, trauma, and war make up about 15% of all cases. The remaining 13% of disability causes fall into the “other” category, covering old-age related factors.

Chart of main disability causes in th world

1. Malnutrition, infectious diseases,         non-infectious diseases, and          
    congenital conditions causes.

2. Accidents, trauma and war causes.

3. Other causes.